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8彩彩票 > 技术与支持 > 浅谈消防应急照明和疏散指示系统在建筑物中的设计与应用
浅谈消防应急照明和疏散指示系统在建筑物中的设计与应用
点击次数:56 发布时间:2021-08-26

摘 要:在消防安全意识逐渐提高的背景下,安全疏散技术也取得了不断发展。基于这种认识,本文对建筑物消防应急照明和疏散指示系统进行了介绍,然后对系统设计与应用方法展开了探讨,为关注这一话题的人们提供参考。

关键词:建筑物;消防应急照明;疏散指示

 

引 言

  ZAIKEXUEJISHUBUDUANFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GEZHONGXIAOFANGXITONGDEYIZAIJIANZHUWUZHONGYINGYONG。ERYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGJINGUANWEIJIAOXIAODEZUCHENGBUFEN,QUEJIANGZAIHUOZAITAOSHENGZHONGFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG,SUOYIGUOJIAZHUANMENCHUTAILEXIANGYINGDEJISHUBIAOZHUN,XIWANGJIAQIANGXITONGSHEJIHEYINGYONGGUANLI,SHIXITONGNENGGOUQIDAOBAOZHENGRENMENSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANDEXIAOYONG。YINCI,XUYAOJIAQIANGJIANZHUWUXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGDESHEJIYUYINGYONGFENXI,YIBIANSHIXITONGDEDAOGUIFANJIANSHE。

 

1 建筑物消防应急照明和疏散指示系统概述

  CONG 2019 NIAN 3 YUE 1 RIKAISHI,GUOJIAKAISHISHIXING《XIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGJISHUBIAOZHUN》(GB51309-2018)(YIXIAJIANCHENG“XINGUI”)。ANZHAOGUIDING,CONGJIANZHUWUXIAOFANGYINGJIDENGJUKONGZHIFANGSHISHANGJINXINGHUAFEN,KEYIJIANGXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHUXITONGHUAFENWEIJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGHEFEIJIZHONGKONGZHIXING[1]。CAIYONGJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGXITONG,KEYILIYONGHUOZAIBAOJINGKONGZHIQIHEXIAOFANGLIANDONGKONGZHIQIJINXINGYINGJIZHAOMINGDEQIDONG。CAIYONGFEIJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGXITONG,XUYAOYIKAOXIAOFANGLIANDONGKONGZHIQIDUIYINGJIZHAOMINGDIANYUANHEFENPEIDIANZHUANGZHIJINXINGLIANDONG。JIEHEJIANZHUWUGUIMO、XINGZHI、WEIHUGUANLINANDUDENGTIAOJIAN,KEYIWANCHENGSHIHELEIXINGXUANZE。BIRUZHENDUIXUYAOSHEZHIXIAOFANGKONGZHISHIDECHANGSUO,XUYAOCAIYONGJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGXITONG。WEISHEZHIXIAOFANGKONGZHISHI,DANWANCHENGLEHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGDESHEZHI,TONGYANGXUYAOSHIXIANJIZHONGKONGZHI。CHUCIZHIWAIDEQIYUJIANZHUWU,KEYICAIYONGFEIJIZHONGKONGZHIFANGSHI。XITONGDE

8彩彩票YINGYONG,NENGGOUZIDONGWANCHENGGUZHANGDIANJIANCE,BINGDUIGEYINGJIZHAOMINGDENGJUJINXINGKONGZHI,WANCHENGSHUSANFANGXIANGZHISHI,YINCINENGGOUWEIJIANZHUWUSHIYONGTIGONGANQUANBAOZHANG。ZHENDUIZHUZHAIJIANZHU,HAIYINGCAIYONGZIDAIXUDIANCHIDEDENGJUGONGDIANFANGSHI,YIBIANSHIYINGJIZHAOMINGDENGJUNENGGOUZAIRICHANGZHAOMINGZHONGZHENGCHANGSHIYONG。CIWAI,ZHENDUIYINGJIZHAOMINGDIANYUAN、KONGZHIQIDENGSHEBEI,XUYAOANZHAO《XIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONG》(GB17945)GUIDINGJINXINGXUANZE。

 

2 建筑物消防应急照明和疏散指示系统的设计与应用分析

2.1 工程概况

  MOUJIANZHUWUWEIYIYUANZONGHELOU,RICHANGRENLIULIANGJIAODA,QIEDUOWEIBINGRENJIQIJIASHU,DUIYIYUANJIANZHUBUJUJIEGOUHETAOSHENGLUXIANBUSHU,XUYAOWANCHENGXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGSHEJI,QUEBAOHUOZAIFASHENGHOURENYUANKEYIANZHAOZHISHIDENGZHISHIFANGXIANGTAOSHENG。CONGJIANZHUWUJIEGOUSHANGLAIKAN,XUYAOZAIZOULANG、XIAOFANGDIANTIJIAN、ZHUYAOCHURUKOU、DIXIASHI、LOUTIJIANDENGCHANGSUOWANCHENGXITONGSHEJI,QUEBAOZAIHUOZAIZHUANGTAIXIADENGJUGUANGYUANYINGJIDIANLIANGXIANGYINGSHIJIANBUCHAOGUO 5s。ZAIXITONGYINGJIQIDONGHOU,XUDIANCHIDIANYUANGONGDIANCHIXUSHIJIANYINGZHISHAODADAO 1h。ZAIZHAOMINGDUFANGMIAN,SHUSANZOUDAODIMIANSHUIPINGZHAODUZHISHAODADAO 3Lx,YILOUDATINGDENGRENYUANMIJICHANGSUOSHUIPINGZHAODUZHISHAODA 10Lx,LOUTIJIANDENGCHANGSUOSHUIPINGZHAODUZHISHAODA 10Lx。

2.2 系统设计方案

8彩彩票  ANZHAO“XINGUI”,XITONGSHEJIXUYAOZUNXUNJIANJIE、KONGZHIJIANDANYUANZE,JIYAOWANCHENGJIAGOUJIANJIEDEXITONGSHEJI,QUEBAOXITONGKONGZHIGONGNENGKEYIQINGSONGSHIXIAN。ZAIXITONGSHEJIQIAN,XUYAOMINGQUEJIANZHUWUSHIYONGGONGNENGHEJIEGOU,QUEDINGJIANZHUWUSUIDAOQUJIAN、FANGHUOFENQUDENGJIBENDANYUANQINGKUANG,ANZHAOJIAODUANLUJINGSHUSANYUANZETICHUKEXUEDESHUSANZHISHIFANGAN,MINGQUEXIAOFANGYINGJIDENGZHISHIFANGXIANG、GEQUYUSHUSANLUJINGDENG。JIEHEXIANGGUANYAOQIU,ZAIXITONGSHEJISHANGXUYAOCAIYONGJIZHONGGONGDIANFANGAN,DENGJUZHUDIANYUANHEXUDIANCHIDIANYUANJUNWEIJIZHONGDIANYUAN,ZAIDIANYUANNEIBUWANCHENGSHUCHUZHUANHUANHOULIYONGXIANGTONGPEIDIANHUILUGONGDIAN。ZAIYINGJIZHAOMINGDIANYUANXUANYONGSHANG,XUYAOJIANG EPS DANGCHENGSHIBEIYONGDIANYUAN,ZAIGEFANGHUOFENQUANFANG。DIANYUANRICHANGFANGDIANZHISHAODADAO90min,QIEHUANBUCHAOGUO 1.5s。ZHENDUIGECENGXIAOFANGKONGZHISHINEIDEYINGJIZHAOMINGKONGZHIQI,XUYAOCAIYONGZHINENGWANGLUOJISHUJINXINGTONGXUNLIANJIE,DUIXITONGDIANYUAN、YINGJIZHAOMINGDENGDENGSHESHIJINXINGJIANKONG。CIWAI,XITONGKEYIYUHUOZAIZIDONGBAOJINGXITONGLIANJIE,DUIXIANGGUANXINXIJINXINGHUOQU,BINGLIYONGZHINENGSUANFAFENXIDEDAOHELISHUSANLUJING,RANHOULIYONGZHISHIDENGJINXINGTAOSHENGFANGXIANGZHISHI,TONGBUWANCHENGYINGJIZHAOMINGDENGDEQIDONG。ZAIHUOZAIFASHENGHOU,XITONGHUICONGBAOJINGQUKAISHIWANCHENGXITONGSHUNXUQIDONG,ZAI 5s NEISHIQUANBUSHEBEIJINRUYINGJIZHUANGTAI。

2.3 系统配电设计

8彩彩票  SHIJIZAIXITONGPEIDIANSHEJISHANG,ZHENDUISHUIPINGSHUSANQU,XUYAOZAIFANGHUOFENQU、SUIDAOQUJIANDENGBUTONGQUYUWANCHENGPEIDIANHUILUDESHEJI,QUEBAOJIANZHUGEJIBENDANYUANBUNENGGONGYONGTONGYIPEIDIANHUILU。ERHUILULIANJIEDEDENGJUSHULIANG,YINGBUCHAOGUO 60 ZHI,DENGJUEDINGGONGLVZONGHEBUCHAOGUOHUILUEDINGGONGLV 90%。ANZHAO“XINGUI”,YINGJIZHAOMINGXUYAOJIANZUOPUTONGZHAOMING,RUGUOYINGJIZHAOMINGDENGJUGONGLVGUOGAO,JIUHUICHUXIANYINGJIDIANYUANRONGLIANGGUODADEWENTI。BIRUCAIYONGFEILIPUDANDUANJIENENGYINGGUANGDENG,DENGJUGONGLVWEI 10W,GUANGTONGLIANGNENGGOUDADAO 600ml。CAIYONGJIZHONGDIANYUAN,ANZHAOPUTONGZHAOMING 1/2 HUO 1/3 KAOLV,YINGJIBEIYONGDIANYUANRONGLIANGGUODA。YINCIZAIPEIDIANSHEJISHANG,XUYAOWANCHENGXIANGYINGZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANGSHEJI,ZAIGEFANGHUOFENQUHERENYUANMIJICHANGSUOWANCHENGDULIYINGJIZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANGSHEJI,LIYONGXIAOFANGDIANYUANZHUANYONGYINGJIHUILUGONGDIAN。ANZHAOGUIDING,PEIDIANXIANGHUOJIZHONGDIANYUANSHURUHESHUCHUHUILUYINGBUCAIYONGDIANLIUDONGZUOBAOHUQI,BINGYANJINYUXITONGWAIDEFUZAILIANJIE。

2.4 系统控制设计

8彩彩票  ZAIXITONGKONGZHISHEJISHANG,XUYAOCAIYONGGONGKONGJIZUOWEIKONGZHIQI,ZAIXIAOFANGKONGZHIZHONGXINANZHUANG,SHIXIANDUOTIAOZHAOMINGKONGZHIQIGUANLI。KONGZHIQICAIYONGDACHICUNRENJIJIEMIAN,YONGYOUFENGFUJIEKOU,FANGBIANYUJIANKONGSHEBEIJI FAS XITONGLIANJIE。LIYONGTUXINGXIANSHIZHONGDUAN,KEYISHIGEZHONGDENGJUZHUANGTAIXINXIDEDAOZHIGUANZHANSHI,JIERWEIXIAOFANGZHIHUIDIAODUGONGZUODEKAIZHANTIGONGSHUJUZHICHI。ANZHAOYAOQIU,KONGZHIQIYING 24h BUJIANDUANXUNJIANSHEBEIJIDENGJU,RENYISHEBEIFASHENGGU

8彩彩票ZHANGSHIJIANGFACHUSHENGGUANGBAOJINGXINHAO。XITONGCHIXUZHUDIANGONGZUO 48h HOU,NENGZIDONGYOUZHUDIANGONGZUOZHUANGTAIZHUANRUYINGJIGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,RANHOUZIDONGHUIFUZHUDIANZHUANGTAI。LIYONGJIZHONGDIANYUANHUOPEIDIANXIANG,KEYIJIANGKONGZHIQIYUDENGJULIANJIEZAIYIQI,SHIXIANYINGJIQIDONGHEXUDIANCHIDIANYUANDEZHUANHUANKONGZHI。ZAIDENGJUYUDIANYUANHUOPEIDIANXIANGTONGXINZHONGDUANSHI,XUYAODIANLIANGFEICHIXUXINGDENGJU,SHIQIGUANGYUANYOUJIEDIANDIANLIANGXIANGYINGJIDIANLIANGZHUANBIAN。ANZHAO“XINGUI”,RENHEYINGJIZHAOMINGKONGZHIQIKONGZHIDENGJUZONGSHUBUCHAOGUO 3200。KONGZHIQIZHUDIANYOUXIAOFANGDIANYUAN AC220V GONGJI,YINCICAIYONGJIAOLIU 450V XIANLAN,BEIYONGYINGJISHIJIANZHISHAODADAO 180min。ZAIKONGZHIQIYUYINGJIZHAOMINGJIZHONGDIANYUANTONGXINFANGMIAN,CAIYONG NH-RVSP-2×1.5mm2-SC20/ZOURUODIANQIAOJIA[2]。ZAIXITONGZHONG,SHEBEIJIDENGJUJUNYOUDULI8CAICAIPIAOMAJIKONGZHIXINPIAN,TONGGOUZONGXIANYUKONGZHIQITONGXIN,CONGERSHIXIAN“DIANSHI”KONGZHI。

2.5 系统应用分析

8彩彩票  ZAIXITONGYINGYONGJIEDUAN,HAIYINGWANCHENGXITONGSHUSANYINDAOGONGNENGMONIFENXI。JUTILAIJIANG,JIUSHIQUERENZAIHUOZAIFASHENGHOUXITONGNENGFOUJINXINGHUOZAIBAOJINGXINXIDEZIDONGHUOQU,RANHOULIYONGZHINENGSUANFADEDAOHELISHUSANLUJING,SHIXIANSHUSANZHISHIBIAOZHIDENGDEYOUXIAOKONGZHI。ZAISHIJIANFENXIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAOXUANQUYIYUANMOUGEBIAOZHUNCENGFANGHUOFENQUJINXINGXITONGGONGNENGMONI,GAIQUBAOHANSANGESHUSANCHUKOU。GAIBIANZHEHUODIANDEWEIZHI,QUEDINGXITONGSHUSANZHISHIDENGFANGXIANGSHIFOUFASHENGBIANHUA,BINGQIENENGFOUZHIXIANGJIAODUANTAOSHENGLUJING,KEYIQUEDINGXITONGSHEJISHIFOUHELI。CONGFENXIJIEGUOLAIKAN,XITONGNENGGOUWANCHENGTAOSHENGLUJINGDEKEXUEFENXI,BINGQIEGAIBIANDENGJUZHIXIANG,YINCINENGGOUWEIRENYUANSHUSANTIGONGZHISHI,QUEBAORENYUANZAIJIAODUANSHIJIANLIKAIHUOZAIXIANCHANG,ZHONGJIANWUZHISHIDENGTURANBIANHUADENGYIWAI。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAIYANGEANZHAO“XINGUI”WANCHENGXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIDENGXITONGSHEJISHI,CAIYONGCAIYONGZHINENGHUASHOUDUANNENGGOUSHIXITONGYINGYONGJIAZHIDEDAOGENGHAOTIXIAN,WEIRENMENDESHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANTIGONGBAOZHANG。ZAISHIJIANSHENGHUOZHONG,ANZHAO“XINGUI”,XITONGTOURUSHIYONGQIANXUYAOWANCHENGJIANCE、YANSHOU,BINGQIEJINXINGYINGJISHUSANYUANZHIDING,WANCHENGXITONGBUJIANXIANCHANGSHEZHIQINGKUANGHEKONGZHIQIKONGZHILUOJIBIANCHENGJILU。ZAIXITONGYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,YINGBAOZHENGLIANXUZHENGCEYUNXING,BUDESUIYIZHONGDUAN,BINGMEIYUE、JIJINXINGYICISHOUDONGYINGJIQIDONGGONGNENGJIANCHA,MEIYUEDUIDENGJUXUDIANCHICHIXUYINGJIGONGZUOSHIJIANJINXINGQUEREN,MEINIANWANCHENGGEFANGHUOFENQUHUOZAIZIDONGYINGJIQIDONGGONGNENGJIANCHA,JIERSHIXITONGNENGGOUZHENGCHANGFAHUIZUOYONG[3]。

 

3 安科瑞智能消防应急疏散系统的选型

3.1 安科瑞的智能疏散系统

8彩彩票  ANKERUIDEZHINENGSHUSANXITONGYOUSANCENGWANGLUOJIEGOU。YICENG:ZHINENGSHUSANZHUJI;ERCENG:QUYUYINGJIZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANG;SANCENG:SHUSANZHISHIBIAOZHIDENGJU,QIJUTIJIEGOUXINGSHIRUTU1SUOSHI。

 

TU1 ZHINENGXIAOFANGYINGJISHUSANXITONGTU

 

8彩彩票  ZHINENGSHUSANXITONGZHUJI:ZHUJIYOUJIAOHUSHICAOZUORUANJIANZHICHI,SHISHIJIEXIDICENGSHEBEIDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAI,JIESHOULAIZIXIAOFANGBAOJINGXITONGDEHUOJINGLIANDONGXINHAO。ZAIRICHANGWEIHUGUOCHENGZHONGSHENGGUANGBAOJINGXIANSHIGEZHONGSHEBEIGUZHANGXINXI,JUBEIRIZHIDECHAXUN、JILU、DAYINGONGNENG;ZAIHUOZAIFASHENGSHI,GENJUHUOZAILIANDONGXINHAOXUANZEXIANGYINGDEYINGJIYUAN,QIDONGGELEIYINGJISHUSANZHISHIDENG。

8彩彩票QUYUYINGJIZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANGZUOWEIXITONGNEIWEIDENGJUGONGDIANDEGONGPEIDIANZHUANGZHI,TONGSHIJUBEIJIESHOUZHUJIDEXUNJIANKONGZHI、GONGDIANHUILUDEDIANQIGELI、HUILUZHINENGKONGZHI、HUILUXINHAOHUIJI,JIAKUAIZHUJIDUIDICENGDENGJUDEXUNJIANSUDU,JIANGDIXINHAOGANRAO,GAISHANTONGXINZHILIANGDENGGONGNENG。

SHUSANZHISHIBIAOZHIDENGJU,JIZHONGDIANYUANJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGSHUSANZHISHIDENGWEIRENYUANSHUSANTAOSHENGZHIYINFANGXIANG。QIANZHUANGFANGSHIYOUBIGUASHI、DIAOGUASHI、DIMAISHISANZHONG,ZHUYAOSHEZHIYUFANGHUOFENQUDEANQUANCHUKOUDENGCHU。JIZHONGDIANYUANJIZHONGKONGZHIXINGYINGJIZHAOMINGDENGJU,QIZHUYAOWEIRENYUANSHUSANTAOSHENGTIGONGZHAOMING,ANZHUANGFANGSHIYOUBIGUASHI、XIDINGSHI、QIANDINGSHISANZHONG。

 

3.2产品选型表

KONGZHIQIHEJIZHONGDIANYUANXUANXINGBIAO

灯具选型表

 

4 结束语

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAIJIANZHUWUFANGHUOSHEJIZHONG,XIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGSHEJIHEYINGYONGZHIGUANZHONGYAO,ZHIJIEGUANXIDAORENYUANSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUAN。ZAISHIJIANGONGZUOZHONG,XUYAOYANGEANZHAOXIANGGUANJISHUBIAOZHUNWANCHENGXITONGKEXUESHEJI,JIAQIANGZHINENGHUASHOUDUANDEYUNYONG,SHIXITONGBAOCHIJISHUXIANJINHEGONGNENGHELI。ZAIXITONGYINGYONGQIJIAN,HAIYAOANZHAOYAOQIUJIAQIANGWEIHUGUANLI,CONGERWEIJIANZHUWUFANGHUOANQUANTIGONGBAOZHANG。

 

参考文献

8彩彩票[1] WUSHAOHUA.ZHINENGXINGXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGDETANTAOJIYINGYONG[J].KEJICHUANGXINYINGYONG,2019(14):168-169.

8彩彩票[2] HUANGJIANFEI.SHILUNJIANZHUWUXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONGDESHEJIYUYINGYONG[J].GUIHUAYUSHEJI,2019(5):121-122.

[3] ANKERUIQIYEWEIDIANWANGSHEJIYUYINGYONGSHOUCE.2019.11YUEBAN.

[4] ANKERUIXIAOFANGYINGJIZHAOMINGHESHUSANZHISHIXITONG/FANGHUOMENJIANKONGXITONG/XIAOFANGSHEBEIDIANYUANJIANKONGXITONG/DIANQIHUOZAIJIANKONGXITONGXUANXINGSHOUCE.2019.7YUEBAN

8彩彩票ZUOZHEJIANJIE:MOUJIANMEI,NV,ANKERUIDIANQIGUFEN8CAICAIPIAO,ZHUYAOCONGSHIDIANQIFANGHUOXIANLIUSHIBAOHUQIDEYANFAYUYINGYONG

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